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Frank Forde

Labor6 July 1945–13 July 1945

Frank Forde became Australia's 15th prime minister, the day after John Curtin died in office.

Francis Michael FordeLabor

Member of the Privy Council (1944)

Born

18 July 1890

Mitchell, Queensland

Died

28 January 1983

Brisbane, Queensland

Partner

Vera Forde

Party

Australian Labor Party

With political experience from state politics during World War I and federal politics during the Depression, Frank Forde took on significant responsibilities for directing Australia's war effort during the 1940s. He was deeply committed to his party, to the point of working as an organiser after his parliamentary and diplomatic career had ended. Frank Forde was willing to step up when required, and step back when the party's decision was that others should lead.

Forde worked as a teacher, railway clerk and telephone technician before transferring to a position at the Rockhampton post office in 1914. There he quickly became a prominent figure in organisations such as the Australian Natives' Association. Forde won the State seat of Rockhampton in a by-election in May 1917, and held the seat until he was elected to the Federal seat of Capricornia in 1922. Forde moved up the Labor ranks and, in 1931, was one of the few Labor ministers to survive the Scullin government's defeat. Following Scullin's retirement in 1935, Forde contested the leadership, but was defeated by John Curtin by a single vote. Forde's contribution as loyal deputy during the years of Opposition transitioned into the much greater responsibilities of Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for the Army and member of the War Cabinet after Curtin became prime minister in 1941. Losing Capricornia to a returned war hero in 1946, Forde then served as Australian High Commissioner in Canada for seven years.

Milestones

  1. 1945

    Curtin lies in state in King's Hall

    Members and senators move in a procession past Curtin's coffin as it lies in state in King's Hall at Parliament House on 6 July.

  2. 1945

    Curtin's funeral

    On 7 July, Prime Minister Forde flies to Perth, accompanying  Elsie Curtin in the Governor-General's private aircraft, for John Curtin's funeral the following day.

  3. 1945

    Labor caucus meets to choose Curtin's successor

    Ben Chifley, Norman Makin and Frank Forde stand for the leadership of the Labor Party. Ben Chifley is elected, and Frank Forde becomes Deputy Leader again.

Frank Forde arriving at the Dominions Office in London, 1945
News Ltd/Newspix
Frank Forde arriving at the Dominions Office in London, 1945

Parliament

Frank Forde was sworn in as prime minister the day after the death of John Curtin in office and just weeks before the announcement of the surrender of Japan and the end of the Second World War. At this time, the Labor Party held 49 seats, while the United Australia Party held 12 seats and the Country Party 7 seats. The strong position of the government was due to the Labor party's successful strategies to maintain unity and mobilise the war effort. The focus of Forde's short term as prime minister was to help the Curtin family, the parliament and the country come to terms with the loss of the prime minister who had steered them through one of the most challenging periods Australians had faced.

Party

In 1945, Deputy Prime Minister Frank Forde and Dr Herbert Evatt, Minister for External Affairs, led a delegation to the Commonwealth Ministers' Conference in London and then to the San Francisco Conference for International Cooperation which led to the signing of the United Nations charter. Forde returned to Australia just before Curtin's death, after three days of flying, while Evatt opted for the three week boat return journey. Despite some tensions with the ambitious Evatt, Forde presented a united front on his return, with The Australian Worker reporting that 'both Australia's delegates have made a name for Australia and for themselves' during the international negotiations.

Partnerships

His role as president of the Rockhampton branch of the Australian Natives' Association marked the beginning of participation in community debates and public life for Frank Forde. Decades later, in 1935, Forde attended a Foundation Day Celebration in Melbourne and noted that 'I have always admired the A.N.A for its consistent advocacy of buying Australian goods first...' and further that 'we must inculcate in the minds of the people a patriotism towards the produces of the Australian farms and factories.'

People

Returning to Australia from his posting in Canada, Frank Forde threw himself energetically into his new role as a state organiser for the Queensland branch of the Labor Party and received a warm welcome from communities he visited. On one visit to Proserpine and Mackay he toured a sugar mill and met workers, addressed a Rotary luncheon, was given a reception at the Bowling Club, visited engineering works, the harbour and wharves as well as addressing three different high schools. One of the residents a Mr J. Caranagh said that he hoped 'it would not be long before Frank Forde was elected to the Federal Parliament again, because he had served the people of Capricornia very ably.'

Sources

Elaine Brown, 'Francis Michael Forde', in Michelle Grattan (ed) Australian Prime Ministers, 2010

Neil Lloyd and Malcolm Saunders, Forde, Francis Michael (Frank) (1890-1983), Australian Dictionary of Biography, first published in 2007

The Australian Worker, 'Australia's Prestige Never Higher,' 4 July 1945

Worker, 'Australian Goods First,' 5 February 1935

Worker, 'Warm Hand of Welcome,' 2 November 1953

News Ltd/Newspix

A real Australian welcome is awaiting these gallant men when they return home.

Frank Forde, speaking about Australian prisoners of war, London, 1945

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